Hypothesis is considered as a principal instrument in research. It is a preposition or assumption for research work to be tested. Its main function is to suggest new experiments and observations. It is a statement which is extended for proper guidance of research activity.
Meaning of Hypothesis
There are two concepts about the meaning of hypothesis according to first concept, it is the combination of two Greek words, hypo and “thesis”. Hypo means “under” and thesis means “refer to place”. So, it is anything under consideration. Second concept is that, hypo means less than while thesis means generally held view. Thus collectively it means less than generally held view. It means less than generalization.
Definition of Hypothesis
Numerous researcher and scientists have extended their definitions. Some of them are as under.
- Goode & Hall. It is a preposition which is pat to a test to determined its validity.
- Lundberg. It is a tentative or systematic generalization, the validity of which remains to be tested.
- Cohen and Nagel. It director our research for the order.
- Kerlinger. It is a causal relationship between two or more variables.
In the light of the above definitions we can say that hypothesis is relationship between two or more variables, in order to test them and to give a proper guidance to the research activity for further explanation.