Define Socialization Process
When individual comes to the world and starts living in this society of human beings. He/she knows nothing about how to talk, eat, wear etc. according to the need of society. In this troublesome time period of childhood socialization process starts. This is mostly in primary group when the members have to face interaction. This face-to-face interaction is important in the socialization process. As a result of face interaction, identical process starts in individuals.
By the identical process the infant learns to behave like others. The infant acts like the elders and the primary group members, because of the face-to-face interaction. In this stage an infant imitates what is done in front of him/her. This identical process is called incidental learning or psychological process. By this process infant identifies the values of attitude of adults.
Four Conditions for Identification
There are four fundamental conditions which are necessary and by which children identify themselves with the adults. The conditions are given below:
- Interaction must occur between the infant and adult.
- The adult must be able to satisfy the child in the required.
- Dependence relationship must be developed between the child and adult.
- The adult must be able to keep control over the resources, which the infant/child needs. For Family structure and birth order, personal adjustment in the family etc. teachers and parents are the principal agents of socialization. Through the help of these agents, the process of socialization is to be taken place.
Socialization process is one by which relations are developed and children learn from the elders. Through socialization process person identifies himself/herself.