Definition of Globalization
Globalization is defined by the recent sociologists and scientists as Global Village. They call the whole Globe and the world to be like one village. Earlier, in the old days, when no such technological developments, were made, no such perceptions ever prevailed, but with the blessing of information technology and speedy communicational relations, the world really now appears to be just like one village or a ‘mega state’. Especially the fax machines, E-mails and last but not the least ‘Internet” have totally changed the world.
In day to day business we see so many people talking to one another, sitting in Washington or Bangkok. Similarly it is now an easy job to ensure one person or a gift or any other object reach the other country of the Globe with in shortest possible span of time. This has necessitated to call now the world to have led to Globalization. All the business and affairs of the world are now no more secrets. If anything happens in South Africa, the people living in Madagascar are informed of the same with in no time and so on and so forth. This is called Globalization.
Challenges of Globalization
In view of critics like ‘Andaleeb Abbas’ a regular columnist of the daily ‘The News’, Globalization now seems to damage the interests of some of nations or groups through Organization like W.T.O (World Trading Organization). That is why, she says hundreds of thousands people demonstrated against its policy in Seattle, USA on December the 3rd, 1999, during its meeting. Most of these demonstrators were labours, workers and those industrialists who had some vested interests.
The W.T.O management, during this meeting wanted to promulgate certain rules and laws for free trading. Feeling the same to be against their interests, they staged the same demonstration. She is also of the opinion that if WTO fails (in view of its designs which are only to serve the developed countries), it would be better for the developing countries.
In her view the Glaring interests of all the states have put them in combating situation. Because, now trade superiority is the main tool to dominate others. Hence the EU is struggling against USA and vice versa. Such rules and tariff conditions are being floated at the world forum to benefit either of them, while the losing one is not ready to accept. Similarly, the other developed countries i.e. Japan etc. are also not ready to accept rules contesting their benefits, like antidumping rules etc. She is further stating that as a result of globalization, the world bodies and countries like EUR and USA are forwarding the concept of “Mega State,” which means to transfer the world into a mega one state, yet to her, it would damage the benefits of the other countries. Sensing the adverse effects of globalization and that of ‘WTO” policies, most of the countries have demanded to say “Fare well” to it. Through such forum only one of a few countries are trying to rule the world through concerned trade etc.
Furthermore, it is also feared by so many countries that by the globalization of the world, the issues of defense and protecting of secrets are becoming difficult for ideological countries like Pakistan. Then there are certain traditions and conventions which are needed to be preserved, but with the explosion of fastest information technology and the use of other means, the cultural revolutions would happen which would destroy the whole set up.