Carl Rogers was born on January 8th, 1902 in Chicago, USA. Carl Rogers was born on January 8th, 1902 in Chicago, USA. After some practical experience in the field of psychology, in 1940s and 1950s he developed this theory which is also known as Carl Rogers Persons Center Theory.
Carl Rogers Person Centered Theory
This theory is based upon various assumptions which are related to each other and cannot be put apart. A general example may be If certain conditions exist, then a process will occur; if this process occurs, then certain outcomes can be expected
Main Points of Carl Rogers Person Centered Theory
The evolution occurs in step by step process, from simple to complex. Human consciousness evolves from primitive unconsciousness to highly organized awareness.
It is a tendency in humans to move towards completion and fulfillment of potentials. Individuals have the inner power to creativity to solve problems, to change the self-concept. The source of psychological growth and maturity resides within individuals and is not found in other forces.
Roger says that self can be divided into two parts
It is the collection of information, ideas, attitude, and belief we have about ourselves. If self-concept becomes strong it becomes difficult to be changed easily.
It is one’s view of self as one wish to be. It is all those attributes or qualities that one aspires to achieve.
According to Rogers a wide gap between ideal self and self-concept indicate incongruence and unhealthy personality.
According to Roger psychologically healthy individual perceive little discrepancy between their self-concept and what they ideally would like to be.
According to Roger that humans have inner drive towards self-fulfillment and maturity, so educator and therapist to provide good environment and help.
Educational implications of Rogers Person Centered Theory
Rich educational environment. In education roger stressed at the rich environment, where learners could follow their interests to reach their full potentials. This goal cannot be achieved through traditional education system and old curriculum.
Educator as a facilitator. He put a new word – Non directive teaching –where educator is a facilitator, guiding learners and nurturing their learning in order to build their talent and reduce that gap between self-concept and ideal self.
Positive educator-learner relationship. He stresses upon positive relationship in education. The key to effective education lies in better relationship between learner and educator
Curriculum must be new and modern. He is against traditional education and curriculum.
Educator must be an active listener. The educator should be active listener and facilitator in order to guide the learners and developing their learning abilities.
Nurturing learners. Education should nurture rather than construct or indoctrinate learners.
Experience is the highest authority. Rogers person centered theory says that environment has great effect on our experiences.