Sociology is a branch of knowledge which has some unique features. It is different from other sciences in several respects. From studying those characteristics will help one to understand the field of sociology. Below are the essential characteristics of sociology.
1. It is an Independent Science
Sociology is a specific science having its own branches of knowledge. It does not come under the umbrella of other social or physical sciences. It has its own code of study and a separate line from other sciences.
2. It Social Science not Physical
Sociology belongs to the family of social sciences and is considered as the mother of all social sciences. Other social sciences are under the jurisdiction of sociology from one of other point of view. For this purpose it study the behavior, action and social activities of a man.
3. It is a Categorical Science
Sociology is not concern to study the moral or immoral, right or wrong, good and evil problems. It studies the general phenomena of social life for this it is a categorical science separate from the judgment of any type of value.
4. Pure Science
Sociology has its theoretical knowledge which is indispensible for sociologists, scientists and social worker as well as for anthropologists. Its study does not interest in any law making or public policies and their implementation but study examine only the social aspect of society that what is happening in the social situation. This study is important for scientists.
5. Sociology is Generalizing not Particular
There is no specification or limitation in the study of social system. It tries to find general law and principles about human interaction and association.
6. General Science Not Special
The field of sociology is generalized. Other social sciences study a specific aspect of its study like economics, political science, which is confined to a central point but the discipline of sociology is generalized.
7. Empirical Science
Rational and empirical are the two main approaches in scientific study. Sociology applies both the approaches on its stud. Rationalization is the collection of facts while empirical is the arrangement and coordination of these facts. Facts and theories are interrelated to each other’s. Theories without facts are empty and facts without theories are blind.
After this discussion easily understand the important characteristics of sociology that it is an independent general and social science having its own theoretical study and importance in social life and apply the scientific approaches of rational and empirical.