What is Organizing Function of Management
The organizing function of management is concerned with combining people, work to be done, and physical resources into a meaningful relationship to achieve organizational goals. No planning can succeed unless a framework of activities (necessary for the accomplishment of objectives) is constructed. The relationship between different jobs is determined, and provision for their proper integration is made. Organizing does this by creating and maintaining the activities in an accepted (manner) pattern, by inter-relating and integrating them and helping people to work together effectively for the accomplishment of specific goals.
Organization function of management, as the success of an organization depends on it. We can say it is the process of grouping activities and identifying the responsibilities and achieving co-ordination among them. Thus, it is determination or identification of activities, subdividing & grouping these activities, creation of relationship among the working force, delegation of authority for attainment of maximum coordination.
Definitions of Organizing
According to Theo Haimann
Organizing is the process of defining and grouping the activities of the enterprises and establishing the authority relationships among them. In performing the organizing function, the manager defines departments and assigns activities so that they can be most effectively executed.
According to Lows A. Allen
Organizing is the process of identifying and grouping the work to be performed defining and delegating responsibility and authority, and establishing relationship for the purpose of enabling people to work most effectively together in accomplishing objectives. An Organization is defined as a social structure designed to coordinate the activities of two or more people through a division of labor and hierarchy of authority for the achievement of a common purpose or goal.
According to Oliver Sheldon
He defines it as “the process of so combining the work which individual or groups have to perform with facilities necessary for its execution that the duties so performed provide the best channels for official systems. It is positive & co-ordinates application of the available efforts.”
Steps in Organizing
- Identification and classification of required activities
- Grouping of activities necessary for attainment of objectives
- Assigning each group to a manager with the authority (delegation) necessary to supervise it
- The provision for coordination horizontally (on the same organizational level) and vertically (in various division and departments)
Purpose of Organizing
The purpose of an organization structure is to establish a form so that they may better work together to achieve the enterprises objectives. To establish a formal system of roles that people can perform means that the purpose of organizing is.
- Grouping of activities is necessary to attain objectives
- The assignment of each group to a manage with authority necessary to supervise it
- Creating coordination horizontally and vertically in the enterprise structure
The purpose of organizing function of management is to create a clear environment so that every one knows as who is to do what, who is responsible for what results, to remove obstacles to performance caused by confusion and ensure certainty of assignment, to create an environment to achieve the efficiency of people towards the accomplishment of organization goals.