Nature of Demography
The scientific nature of demography is pointed out by “Irene Taeuber” that the improved data, new techniques and precise measurement of the demographic transition has become science rather than literature. Grauman also emphasized that demography is both abstract science and applied technology. Today demography is using scientific methods and the most important of which his demographic analysis. Agarwal Said that, demography deals with population statistics while population studies deal with analytical interpretation of population dynamics and composition which cover a wide area.
Objectives of Demography
The scientific nature of demography proves the following four objectives of demography.
- To achieve knowledge about the size, composition, organization and distribution of the population.
- To describe the past evolution present distribution and future changes in the population of an area.
- To enquire the trends of population and its relationships with the different aspects of social organization in an area.
- To protect the future demographic evaluation and its probable consequences.
Thus it is clear from the above four objectives of demography performs all the functions and characteristics of a science such as enquiry of a cause and effect relationships also prediction about the future. It uses scientific methods of observation and analysis. It is factual and universal. It is a positive science and studies facts both qualitatively as well as quantitatively.