Koontz has defined management as an “art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized groups”
His definition makes it amply clear that management is considered to be a creative force which provide leadership to those who are not well equipped in determining the objects of an enterprise. They need a planned set of objectives. They need a well designed organization and well defined standard which they would like to follow in accomplishing the given task. Management leads by determining the objectives and preparing a plan with a view to achieve those objectives. Management also provides a lead when it set out an organization and assigns responsibilities to those who are to work for the enterprise within the framework of the pre planned objective.
Management again gives a lead when it sets standards so that the activities of those who are responsible to achieve the objectives may be controlled and necessary corrections, if any may be made.
Management also provides guidance. While setting standards it provides a guideline which helps the task force in achieving the defined goals of the enterprise management is the work of executive leadership but the most important area of human activity is getting things done through the people at work.
However people cannot work unless they are asked to do the work which requires careful handling, proper guidance and certainly fruitful direction management today is not interested in building the products. It is interested in building men who in turn build products. And for building products men at work need well inspired and motivated group of people, who are not only knowledgeable and skillful but whose efforts are fully coordinated as a result of complete co-operation among various factors of production. It is the purpose full guidance, fruitful direction and respectful control provided by the management which yield fully coordinated effort and complete co-operation with the help of which management is able to achieve its stated goals.
Management, therefore, leads in order to get the things done. It guides to develop the people and directs to utilize the growth inputs. It is the selection, training, supervision, control and development of people which help the enterprise in carrying out its operations successfully.