How Social Groups Play it Role in Society
Parsons defined sociology as the study of structure and function of human groups. It means sociology is the systematic study of human groups. The study of society is called sociology.
From the above, we can conclude that social group is the basic factor in all social functions, social structure, social institutions, system and organization. All sociological studies are based upon the study of social group. It means that social group is important in human life. The importance of social groups becomes clearer when we observe that human personality develops in social groups. The type of personality depends of the type of groups in which he was socialized. The whole process of socialization pass through social groups.
Man learns his culture among the groups in which he lives. Culture is the way of living of a people. The ways of living can be learnt only by living a social life with people. It means group life is the essential element in learning processes. All the techniques of life are learnt in society. Hence social group is the real teacher.
Group life is a must for the continuity of human race. The system of marriage in societies is universal social event. By marrying we regulate the sexual relations between husband and wife. The main aim of humanity is attained by the birth of child. This is the first group founded between two human beings of opposite sexes. Here a permanent group is founded called family.
Social groups provide requirements to the needy people. In this way, the satisfaction of needs is the binding force among the individuals and unites them into social group. Society has divided people into different groups according to their needs and interests. ‘These groups have reciprocal role in society. They help one another and satisfy the needs of the people. The function of the institutions depends upon the groups of people working in them.