How to Decline in Mortality
There were several factors (Famines and food shortage, Epidemics, War and Terror etc) have led to high mortality rates up to 19th century. However after the agricultural and industrial revolutions, mortality rates have fallen everywhere. Following were the most important factors for the decline of the mortality rate.
- Agricultural revolution started in England around 1700 AD and spread throughout Europe and the European settlements in the world.
- The development of the steam engine led to the growth of transport facilities and due to which food could be easily sent to different areas.
- Increase in per capita income led to availability of adequate food which resulting in declining mortality rate.
- Advances in technology and improvements in the standards of living led to decline in mortality.
- Mortality was reduced due to improvements in sanitary conditions and public health.
- Social reforms decreased industrial hazards (risks) and improved health of working population.
- Various types of diseases were checked like cholera, typhoid, yellow fever, Malaria and influenza. Different medicines were used for the care.
- Anti-diseases drugs were introduced due to which diseases like smallpox and plague have almost disappeared.
- Increase in the food supply in all the countries of the world have led to decline of mortality.
The above mentioned factors are responsible for declining in mortality rate in the most developed countries as well as in the developing countries. However, the declining rate of mortality in less developed countries is low due to not availability of these advantages.