A railway station is defined as any place on a railway line where traffic is booked and dealt with and where an authority to proceed is given to the trains. Following factors should be considered while selecting a site for a railway station:
The proposed site should be on a fairly leveled ground and it should be well drained.
2. Water Supply
There should be plentiful supply for water at the site of station.
3. Future Allowances
There should be sufficient land available for the purpose of future extensions along both sides
The site should be such that permissible maximum gradients can be obtained without much difficulty. The vehicles may start moving with wind which is very hazardous.
5. Location or Horizontal Alignment
The location of station yards should be such that it is neither located near a curve nor on a curve.
6. Vertical Alignment
The train should not be situated in a sag but it should be on a summit.
The station yards should be such that it is easily accessible from city or town. There should be well developed and efficient transportation system which leads the people and their goods to station with much ease.
The environment around the site selected for a station should be such that their exists clear and improved visibility for the drivers of trains. There should be certain enough arrangements made which improvements made which improves the visibility of a station.
The site selected for the station should be such that for the passengers of trains, machinery works, garages, workshops etc.